Residential fires during the holiday season are more frequent, more costly, and more deadly than at any other time of the year. The U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) reports more than double the number of open flame fires on Christmas Day than on an average day, and about twice as many on New Year's Day. And when those fires occur, they do more damage: Property loss during a holiday fire is 34% greater than in an average fire, and the number of fatalities per thousand fires is nearly 70% higher. When the source of the fire is a
highly flammable Christmas tree, the toll in property and lives is even greater.
Cooking is the top cause of holiday fires, according to the USFA. The most common culprit is food that's left unattended. It is easy to get distracted; take a pot holder with you when you leave the kitchen as a reminder that you have something on the stove. Make sure to keep a kitchen fire extinguisher that is rated for all types of fires, and check that smoke detectors are working.
If you are planing to deep fry your holiday turkey, do it outside, on a flat, level surface at least 10 feet from the house.
The incidence of candle fires is four times higher during December than during other months. According to the National Fire Protection Association, four of the five most dangerous days of the year for residential candle fires are Christmas,Christmas Eve and New Year's/ Eve. (The fifth is Halloween.)
To reduce the danger, maintain about a foot of space between the candle and anything that can burn. Set candles on sturdy bases or cover with hurricane globes. Never leave flames unattended. Before bed walk through each room to make sure candles are blown out. For atmosphere without worry, consider flameless LED candles.
It takes less than 30 seconds for a dry tree to engulf a room in flames, according to the Building and Fire Research Laboratory of the National Institute for Standards and Technology. They make turpentine out of pine trees.
To minimize risk, buy a fresh tree with intact needles, get a fresh cut on the trunk, and water it every day. A well watered tree is almost impossible to ignite. Keep the tree away from heat sources, such as a fireplace or radiator, and out of traffic patterns, if you're using live garlands and other greenery keep them at least three feet away from heating sources.
No matter how well the tree is watered, it will start to dry out after about four weeks. Take it down after the holidays. Artificial trees do not pose much of a fire hazard: just make sure yours is flame retardant.
Inspect light strings, and throw out any with frayed or cracked wires or broken sockets. When decorating, do not run more than three strings of lights end to end. Stacking the plugs is much safer when you are using a large quantity of lights. Extension cords should be in good condition and UL rated for indoor use. Check outdoor receptacles to make sure the ground fault interrupters do not trip. If they trip repeatedly, they need to be replaced.
When hanging lights outside, avoid using nails or staples, which can damage the wiring and increase the risk of a fire, instead, use UL rated clips or hangers. And take lights down within 90 days. If you leave them up all year round squirrels chew on them and they get damaged by weather.
Kids Playing With Matches
The number of blazes and, tragically, the number of deaths caused by children playing with fire goes up significantly during the holidays. From January through March, 13% of fire deaths are the result of children playing with fire, the USFA reports; in December, that percentage doubles. So keep matches and lighters out of kids' reach. We tend to underestimate the power of these tools. A match or lighter could be more deadly than a loaded gun in the hands of a small child.
Soot can harden on chimney walls as flammable creosote, so before the fireplace season begins, have your chimney inspected to see if it needs cleaning. Screen the fireplace to prevent embers from popping out onto the floor or carpet, and never use flammable liquids to start a fire in the fireplace. Only burn seasoned wood , no wrapping paper.
A fireplace screen prevents embers from popping out onto your floor.